Homework!!!! To Give, Or Not To Give: That Is the Question. By: Allison Partlow, Dyana Christie and Arnold Kamhi

 

Bobby. Get back to work.

Bobby. Get back to work.

Say the word “homework” to a group of students and eyes start to roll, shoulders slump and sighs will be heard.  It is not just students who have this reaction towards homework. Parents also resent the role of playing the enforcer when it comes to homework.  Many educators and parents have scrutinized homework for being counterproductive (Kohn, 2007). However, other educators and parents still believe in the tradition of homework, due to its many benefits. 

Negative effects of homework, including a child’s frustration towards homework and exhaustion, have been well documented in the past.  Some educators and teachers feel that homework causes students to lose the desire and interest to learn. It has been shown that excessive homework is counterproductive and does not increase academic achievement.  Studies have also shown that students doing sixty to ninety minutes of homework a night are doing just as well or better in school than students doing more than ninety minutes of homework per night (Copper, 2006).

            Other professionals feel that homework leaves less time for other activities such as reading for pleasure, making friends while developing social skills, playing games, exercising, resting, or just being a child. (Kohn, 2006 ) 

Many educators, parents and students feel that homework is just busy work and that it does not add to anything they learned in school.  In order for a homework assignment to be successful, it must relate to what the students have already learned, promote critical and abstract thinking skills, and positive reinforcement should be given when the assignment is reviewed.

There are many educators and parents who still believe that homework is extremely beneficial to students.  Many feel homework is beneficial because it involves literacy activities, such as reading, writing and abstract thinking to solve problems.  Homework also requires cognitive organization of procedures, materials, and events helping the student to use important learning skills.

Students who do academic work outside of school are more likely to become acclimated to the academic rigor.  These students develop an aptitude for academic work through extra practice and reinforcement of homework.  They are also more inclined to engage in future academic work due to the reinforcement of homework.  When students experience a flow in doing homework, they persist long enough to become able learners and reach academic expertise.

Many parents use homework as an indication that their children are taking their education seriously.  They also see homework as tangible evidence that their children are receiving a good education.  The majority of parents believe that homework enhances learning and is necessary for building good work habits. 

The school board in a town in New Jersey put a limit on how much homework teachers can give.  Elementary school students can only receive thirty minutes of homework per night, while high school students are allowed on sixty minutes of homework per night.  The board also passed the rule that homework is not allowed to be given on the weekend (Corno, 2000).

  Is this town justified in putting a limit on homework or are they overreacting?  Is homework just busywork or is it really beneficial for students?  Should the traditional types of homework be disposed of and more original homework assignments be created? 

References: 

Cooper, Harris. “Kids Get Too Much Homework?” Time for Kids.  Oct. 2006: 6.

Corno, Lyn. “Looking at Homework Differently.” The Elementary School Journal.  100.5 (2000): 530

Kohn, Alfie: “Down with Homework.” Instructor   Sept. 2006: 68

Kohn, Alfie: “Rethinking Homework.” Principal Jan. 2007: 1

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC:

WEBSITES:

Viewing Homework as an Educational Liability 

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Homework Takes a Hit

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Insight: Editor Jim Finefrock and writer Vicki Haddock

 

 

 

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114 responses to “Homework!!!! To Give, Or Not To Give: That Is the Question. By: Allison Partlow, Dyana Christie and Arnold Kamhi

  1. This is such a huge topic for me! In the class that I work in the children are having a really hard time with homework. They complain to the teacher that they are too busy to do it because they are enrolled in a lot of after school programs and because it “cuts in on their personal time.” They don’t hand in their homework a least 2 days a week and when they do hand it in it’s either extremely rushed and messy or in an adult’s handwriting. Recently several parents have asked some of the teachers in my school to keep their children in during recess so they can do their homework then because they don’t have the time or patience to help the children at night. Seeing what is happening with this situation makes me really think about how I will be a teacher. I personally don’t like to do homework myself but sometimes there are some things that need to be finished that can not be finished during the day. I know there are a lot of parents that do not like homework because they don’t have the time to deal with it and there are other traditional parents that get upset if you don’t give homework. How do you balance? I don’t think its wrong to have a limit on homework and I understand parents being upset at assignments that only seem to be busy work. I think this is an issue that I might take on as a class by class basis and try to include parent’s opinions. If one year I have a class that has parents that don’t want homework I will try to work with that, I don’t think it makes any sense to assign work that is not going to be done, it just going to give me more stress.

  2. I agree with the article in that giving too much homework can be harmful to a student. However, it is needed to get through the work load of students and for them to comprehend what they have learned in class that day. I think that the school in New Jersey is correct in putting limits to the homework given and not to give it on weekends. Therefore, the children are not overworked but the teachers can still assign homework. The children have the weekends free with no extra work and can gain knowledge through other activities such as sports, reading for pleasure, and play dates. Overall, I feel as thought homework should be given but to a certain degree

  3. With too much homework, students will definitely feel overloaded. I know one student who is afraid to miss a day of class because there is so much material, so she goes to extra help. But during her lunch period she barely eats and goes straight to the library. This is just one example. Too much homework will cause the student to eat less, build up stress, doesn’t get enough sleep, and can’t function in class. I know students who’d be doing homework until four am., maybe get one or two hours sleep, then do more homework at school before classes begin. It’s too much!

  4. This is a great topic because I have worked in schools that are not very reliant on homework as a means of assessment and schools who view homework as essential. As a soon to be certified teacher, I believe that homework is good for reiteration of the topics of the day, reinforcement of the days information, work skills and strategies that allow for greater internalization and meta-cognitive development. As a parent, I believe that homework teaches discipline for higher education. Who is going to make a Freshman college student come home and study class material post high school? Finally, homework covertly promotes some appreciation for education and learning in general.

  5. I think giving homework is a good thing because it reinforces what is taught in class, allows for students to think outside of what they are actually learning, and shows the teacher if the student actually cares about their class. In the seventh grade class that I work in there are several students that almost never do their homework. Their behavior reflects the way they feel about the class. By not doing their homework they are showing the teacher they are not paying attention in class and they do not care about the class. Homework can also be positive in showing the teacher that students are trying to do well in the class and care about school. There are many students who always do their homework although they might not necessarily get good grades on their tests and projects. The teacher always says that in doing homework it shows you are trying hard and putting effort in to your work even if it is not one hundred percent correct. Homework is definitely something that should be given, however it should not take a student a long amount of time to do it. Giving a small assignment or giving a long project is the same thing. The students will get the same thing out of both. In fact, giving a long assignment might cause the student to not do it to the best of their ability.

  6. Homework is a controversial topic in education. Studies and statistics show that reinforcement is very important for learning. Homework is one form of reinforcement. If the students sat in school all day and then went home and came back day after day there would be no real important fundamentals. I agree that at times giving busy work, as homework is not fair. At times teachers are put under rigorous pressure from parents for different reasons to give homework or not to give homework. Certain cultures enforce a vigorous work mentality, where they should always be learning and doing work. These cultures would like additional homework then what is already given. They also send their children to additional schooling. Students realize later in life that homework is beneficial. At times the amount of the expectations of the students from their homework might need to be considered. If every class gives you large amounts of homework due the next day then it might be a challenge. The teachers or subjects could have schedules set up for certain days certain subject areas are assignment for homework depending on the grades. For example the homework for every Friday is review your spelling for the spelling test. This allows students to become used to a routine as opposed to being shocked with massive amounts of work sporadically. Organization is very important in educational settings.

  7. I think it is hard to argue against the value of homework. When assigned appropriately it is a valuable tool for students, teachers, and parents. The problems arise when the homework lacks meaning or value. Homework has a tipping point – a point when it starts to lose its value, when it becomes gratuitous. Additionally, teachers need to make certain to, at least, acknowledge the homework in class so students feel that their work gets noticed by the teacher. Too often teachers spend little time selecting or creating homework assignments as part of their lessons. They rely too much on textbook questions and readings or handouts. Creating authentic assignments that focus on student interest will likely yield better results. Much like everything else with teaching, planning well solves many problems.

  8. This is a great topic. I work in a kindergarten class and the students receive homework and one student attempts to do it himself because no one has the time to help him with the homework. I believe homework is a very good way for students to better understand the days lesson and if they don’t understand there is always extra help. Homework is also practice for the students and it should pertain to the days lesson.

  9. I think this was a great article. I dont think homework should completely be taken away from children, but the thought of going to school all day and then have to go home and do all these questions and such is daunting for a child. I remember I always wanted to do my homework and get it out of the way, but I never could remember what was done in class and why we had that assignment for homework, so it always took me twice as long because I would have to look back at my notes. I think if teachers make their lessons more interesting and memorable and then supplement that with a few questions from a text of some sort and then a piece of homework that would be engaging and fun, I believe that would help to solve the homework issue for some. I dont think that there should be a limit as to how much homework is given, in the sense of a law because the teacher should have a sense of what their classes can handle in the first place. Secondly, to limit the higher grades to an hour of homework a night sounds good to the students, but in essense, then each teacher would only get like 15 minutes of homework a night alloted to them. That is just not practical. Really good article choice!!

  10. An article on homework is a perfect topic. No one really likes to do homework, but the fact is, it is necessary. I personally agree with the argument that too much homework is not good, as it can definitely lead to unnecessary stress. On the other hand, considering that most information is lost from a students memory by the end of the school day, it is important to reprocess that information. Perhaps the best suggestion I can give is to give homework in moderation. If there is a topic in school that is a little more difficult to learn, then it is obviously something that needs to be practiced. Otherwise, overload of already-mastered subjects is perhaps unnecessary. Students should want to enjoy school, and not be sick of it. Making homework creative and fun is another great approach as well. This way, students will actually do it and not be upset while doing so.

  11. This was an interesting article, which showed the different sides of the homework, no homework, and or limited homework argument. I think homework is a controversial subject, just as your article suggested. I understand the limited homework perspective because you want students to enjoy a social life as well as extracurricular activities. You do not want homework to be going on for hours and hours after the student gets home from school. Then both the student and the parent will be extremely frustrated, which does not facilitate learning. Cooper states how studies show that students doing sixty to ninety minutes of homework a night are doing just as well or better in school than students doing more than ninety minutes of homework per night.

    I think it is important to give some homework every night to reinforce the concepts that were taught during the day. I think it should be a reasonably amount and not an excessive amount. The school board in a town in New Jersey put a limit on how much teachers can give. This is an interesting solution, which puts a cap on how much homework teachers can give. I think this is a good way to limit homework, but I could not help but think about the Honors and AP classes, which always have more homework than the other classes. I think there should be special provisions to the New Jersey limit. Honors and AP classes are notorious for extremely rigorous amounts of homework, which helps better prepare the students for college level work. I think AP and Honor classes should not be included in the New Jersey limit.

  12. This was a great article! I enjoyed reading about both sides of the Homework argument. This is an important topic for teachers, they should understand both sides of the homework debate and assign appropriate work. I think it’s important to assign homework that’s beneficial to the student and not just busy work. I agree that homework should relate to information already learned, incorporate critical and abstract thinking, organizational skills, and literacy. It should be used to reinforce information learned in the class room. I disagree with the idea of setting limits on the amount of time spent doing homework, because as students continue to advance in school the amount of work should follow to help prepare students for the demands of higher education. Homework should be a mixture of traditional and creative assignments and their success should be rewarded. If the student worked hard and tried their best it should be acknowledged.

  13. I think that homework is definitely getting out of control and in many ways is just busy work. Honestly, is going home and reading chapter 10 in a history book followed by answering 20 questions at the end of the chapter truly beneficial. Or does it warrant the students’ reactions. I personally think it is getting the reaction it deserves in some instances. However, I do not think homework should be eliminated or restricted all together. Instead of giving these traditional assignments I think we should try to assign homework that involves more interaction and technology-based sources. For example, they can find and read related magazine or internet articles, interview/conduct surveys, or complete opinion –based assignments, as opposed to reading the textbook and answering questions. This would possibly bring some relevance to the homework, just like we are trying to do in the classroom. Ultimately, I feel that we should phase out some of the more traditional assignments and replace them with more original and relevant ones. In doing that I do not think we need to drastically limit the amount given, however maybe teachers could work together as a team and communicate about the amount of work they are giving so things don’t get out of hand.

  14. What good is undone or incorrect homework? If your students cannot finish it or cannot do it you need to analyze something, either your homework is too time consuming or you are not teaching them so that they can do it independently. One professor I had told us to take a project or independent assignment and do it and then multiply that time by four and that is how long your student will need to complete it. Do not mistake how I feel, homework is good it is just that it is too common these days that the amount or expectation is too high. I think that homework should mirror lessons and help understanding. I think that homework should be challenging but it should not cause a child stress and should not take away too much time from their social life.

  15. Boy this is a conversational topic. I think homework is good, like everything else in life, in moderation. It should not be done away with. When attempted properly, homework is a good for reinforcing the lessons. However, i know that some kids are like me and never do homework at home. I used to do mine during class (until I took AP classes!). So nothing got reinforced after class. I also know some kids that get others to do their homework. That not helping that kid at all. The more homework you give, I think, the more we’ll see this behavior and even worst. I know for my AP chem class, for example, I used to take that textbook everywhere to try to understand and finish my homework. Its not good to give students a truck full of homework so that they never have a life. The amount of homework a teacher should give is different for each class. I think teachers need to experiment with their class to determine what is best.

  16. This was an interesting article. I believe that children need homework. I just don’t think that children should be bogged down with it. Homework should not be given just to give it. Each teacher has his/her philosophy of homework. I think that homework should reinforce what a student is learning in school and should be given to assess what a child has learn. This way if a student doesn’t comprehend what they are learning they can go for additional help.

  17. I think homework is something that is needed in class. Homework provides a forced review of what took place in class that day. I think the amount of homework that is given is what the real issue is. Teachers need to keep in mind that if an excess amount of work is given the students start have an issue with it. If I think back to middle school and high school I not once complained about having some homework, I complained when I had hours upon hours of homework. It became counter productive. I like the thought process that the NJ school district had towards homework. I had no idea that even happened. I think this was a great article with a lot of valid points. I’ll have to keep this in mind when I become a teacher. I also liked the picture they chose a lot too!

  18. It seems like this topic is coming up more and more each day. I agree that there should be a limit on how much homework should be given. I also agree with what New Jersey is doing in putting limits on homework. I feel you need homework to help reinforce what the student learned that day in class, but it should be in moderation. During my observations, I found out the teacher I was observing was not allowed to give homework because the principal felt it separated the parents and the child.

  19. I myself never did homework as a student. My test grades would float me by regardless, but it still bothered me that my grade was effected at all by my lack of homework. I’ve always felt that homework should only be required of those students who are in need of extra study and practice time. That way, even if they are performing poorly on exams, the teacher still has proof that those students really are trying their best. Homework can also be helpful for keeping parents involved in what topics their child is studying in school.
    I found when I got to college however, I was at quite a loss. I had made a point never to “take work home with me” so to speak, and because of that, additional college homework, something completely unavoidable, was a problem for me. I simply couldn’t understand how to carve out a chunk of my life and dedicate it to school work, I was just too busy and I had never had to sacrifice work time or family time for school work in the past. If I had actually done my home work during high school I think this transition would have been far easier for me, so in that respect I think homework really does have a purpose. College is not self contained, neither is your future career, they spill over into life. If we want to prepare our students for the future, it is important that we teach them this important time management skill early through homework assignments.

  20. Homework can be very beneficial to a students education. It reinforces topics in the classroom and expands upon their current research. However, these assignments can be overwhelming at times. Students will be so busy filling requirements that they are not even absorbing the information. In some ways homework is seen as time wasted. It is only used to fill gaps and becomes busy work, taking away from extra curricular activities. I can see why parents both favor and dislike take home assignments. The amount being given is the most important aspect. Kids can be overwhelmed with work. It is not the key to their success. In some ways it hinders their work ethic, leading them to exhaustion. School is long enough. It is not necessary for kids to continue working hours upon hours at home. However, knowledge is reinforced when being reviewed at home. It can help lead to further academic achievement. Obviously this topic can be very controversial. It is up to the teachers to realize how much work is being assigned and it’s necessity.

  21. I also agree with many other who commented on the homeowork issue. I believe it is an essential part of learning, but should be assigned in moderation. Many students practice extracurricular activities, do not get home until late, and do not have time to do several hours of homework once they finally get home. Teachers also need to take into account that their class is not the only class students are taking. Many professors I have had did not seem to understand that their class was not the only one that I was taking. They gave a ton of homework assignments with no concern that I had a lot of work from other classes. I believe that the school day is a long one that drains its students. Teachers need to also take this into consideration. Many students do school work all day in the classroom and the last thing they want is to go home and have to do more. Teachers should give students just enough homeowork at night to help reinforce what they learned that day. Another debatable issue is homeowork on Fridays? As a student I know I hated it when teachers gave me homework on Fridays. Because of this I will make sure when I start teaching I will never give homework on a Friday unless it is absolutely necessary!

  22. I agree that too much homework can be counter productive, but I still feel homework is needed for many children. At a young age especially, homework can serve as an assessment for what the child understands, or what child doesn’t understand. By giving homework and either collecting it the next day or going over it in class, teachers can see where the problem lies with the children. If on a homework ditto a child makes a common mistake on all the questions, the teacher can clarify what the child did wrong each time. Without the homework it might have gone unnoticed. By all means I do not think children should be given hours of homework a night. But a few problems won’t deter them from learning, but rather enhance what they do know.

  23. I can still remember being very stressed about the amount of homework that I had to do every night when I got home. I would get anxiety over it as a kid. I think as it seems most others agree that homework is a good and an evil. Homework like many other things is something where you must find the middle ground. This can oftentimes be a very difficult process.

    Homework is good because it can reinforce what a student has learned in class and like others said previously it should be given in moderation. When appropriate amounts of homework are given and when the student actually completes the assignments themselves then homework can be a very effective tool.

    When homework is given in excess the student then begins to dislike school and the teacher. When this happens it can be difficult to get that student back to liking school and learning. Homework can also be a negative learning tool because oftentimes parents are the ones completing the homework. This is why homework should never be used as a form of assessment, but merely as a way of reviewing and reinforcing.

  24. I am definitely in favor of giving homework to students. As long as the assignments are not just “busy work” and are an actual review of what was taught in class, this will benefit the students greatly. I know that sometimes even if I thought I understood a concept in class when I got home to do my homework I had trouble with it; but this helped me learn how to do it. Homework is great practice for concepts learned in class and students need to be active learners and not just sit and listen in class. Homework also teachers students better writing and reading skills that will be to their advantage in their future.

  25. I believe homework should be given to students and when I saw this article on people saying that homework is not beneficial, my mouth dropped! Homework reinforces what the student has learned for that day and it can be used as practice. By giving homework it allows for students to see what they do not understand and ask for help the next day. I cannot imagine if a child of mine came home from school with no homework, I think I would be borderline outraged. How else will the student learn? It also allows for the parents to see progress in their child’s work. I can see where hours upon hours of homework can interfere with having a social life and that is where there should be a line drawn. I would think that anywhere from 60-90 mins of homework a night is substantial but more than that is a bit demanding. Children do need time to relax and be a kid, but there are of course so many benefits to homework that kids need to learn. It instills good work ethic, and it also teaches children about hard work and getting ahead in life.

  26. In my school it has been decided that homework should not be given on the weekends. Many students have parents who are divorced and they may not be at ‘home’ on the weekends and therefore may not have access to their school books and resources. The weekends should be a time for family and rest and therefore no assignments should be given.
    As a teacher, I feel that homework needs to be given to reinforce what was taught in class, give the students extra practice, and even to prepare students for the next day’s lesson. I do not feel that homework should be excessive. It has been proven that students who complete 30-60 minutes of homework a night preform better in school. I really see this in my classroom. My students that do not do their homework are performing badly. The students who complete their homework everynight are performing very well. The amount of homework given should be based on grade level-10 minutes per grade level. For example a first grader should have ten minutes of homework while a sixth grader should have 60 minutes of homework. Based on this time allowance I do not feel that a sixth grader should sit down for 60 minutes straight after school and do their homework. After school students should unwind, eat a snack and then start on their homework. After every assignment is completed or every 20 minutes the child should take a break as to not get frustrated.

  27. I agree with these article, in giving to much homework can be damning to a student. but, i believe that homework is important to students comprehension. having homework reinforce the topic of subject that they just learned, but having to much might have the student loss interest, there is a fine line between reinforcing the subject and just to much.

  28. I agree with these article, in giving to much homework can be damaging to a student. but, i believe that homework is important to students comprehension. having homework reinforce the topic of subject that they just learned, but having to much might have the student loss interest, there is a fine line between reinforcing the subject and just to much.

  29. I think this was an extremely interesting topic to pick and a very informative article. I wholeheartedly agree with the authors of this article that giving to much homework can be detrimental to kids. In my opinion it is equally important to gain academic knowledge as it is to develop social skills, personal interests and devote time to creative and mentally stimulating activities. Without these life skills it can have a negative impact on the quality of life of the individual in question later in life. Conversely, I also believe it is important to reinforce the information learned during a school day through homework. Therefore I think homework should be kept to a limit of less than an hour a night and must be relevant to the topic learning at hand. I do not think it is fair for a teacher to assign hw on a topic that students have not yet been introduced to. The purpose of hw should be to practice the concepts learned in class and not to frustrate the child and limit the time they have for themselves when the school day is over.

  30. Homework, to give, or not to give: that is the question, the topic is very interesting. i agree with the opinion that homework leaves less time for other activities such as reading for pleasure, making friends while developing social skills, playing games, exercising, resting, or just being a child. i can’t deny the benefial that homework involves literacy activities, such as reading, writing and abstract thinking to solve problems. Homework also requires cognitive organization of procedures, materials, and events helping the student to use important learning skills. even for this, it is not a good idea to give much homework to kids. i know one kid, she is my friend’s child. one day, i heard she crying, i asked her what is going up? she told me she couldn’t finish the homework the teacher required. at that time, i have a feeling of sad, after all, she is only 7 years old. why the teacher give her so much homework? i know her feeling because i have the same feeling. when my friends call me and ask me go shopping with them. i always say: i must do homework, i must write paper, i must put comments, i must observe the class, i must write journal, i must… after several times, all my friends know that i am busy to do my homework and can’t go out with them. sometimes the life i dreamed is only not so much homework. to sum up, too much homework can make people lack social skills.

  31. iaminnewyorkcity

    Homework!!!! To Give, Or Not to Give: That Is the Question is a controversial and interesting article. I fully agree with the point of homework is extremely beneficial to students, because the essence of homework is to evaluate what students have learned in school so far. The majority of people think that homework involves literacy activities, and doing homework requires cognitive organization of procedures for students to practice in order to enhance their knowledge. In addition, parents can cooperate with teachers by indirectly monitoring their children’s performance. Of course, homework should be interesting, age-appropriate and relevant to the content. I believe that students can acquire more self-confidence and cultivate their own responsibility for their studies, if they do their homework accurately. From the example in your article, I don’t think it is an overreaction of putting a limit on homework in different grade levels, because this idea fits with ergonomics for children at different ages. From a different perspective, homework is usually regarded as an “impetus” in most Asian educational systems, because Asian people believe that most students do not learn actively. Students need to load some pressure on their shoulders to prevent them from becoming lazy.

  32. Homework, in moderation, is essential to student’s cognitive abilities. The more a lesson is enforced the better the student is able to understand the concept. Especially in math, science and language arts, it is essential for the students to be able to solve critical thinking questions on their own, or understand a language on their own. Certain subjects are individual learning classes, meaning if a student cannot do the same problem from class on their own, they will not be able to pass the subject. Therefore homework is the best way to keep the mind remembering the process of a certain concept. Too much homework, can be very counterproductive, and then all the hard work the student has applied to the concept can be lost due to stress and exhaustion.

  33. I think that putting a limit on homework is a great idea. Although homework is a very important attribute to a child’s education, too much of it can be overwhelming and cause students to feel frustrated with their schooling. Elementary school children spend the majority of their day learning, and their time at home should be spent with their friends and family. Also, it is very important that the homework given is relevant to the material that has been learned in school. I feel that more often than not, teachers give their students homework just to give it. The purpose of homework is for students to review and practice what they learned in school. Homework can also be given to prepare students for an upcoming lesson. When it is given in moderation, it can be very beneficial.

  34. I think if homework comes in the form of critical thinking projects then that would be better than the type of “homework” I’ve seen being passed on to these students every night when they go home. Answering questions in the back of the text book every night and handing it to the teacher the next day hardly had any retention with me. Now if they only took the concept you learned in school apply it to something these students can physically reproduce such as a presentation or model, anything visual. I think by turning an abstract concept into something they can see will help them understand the material better. In the process to create the work they have to go through understanding the stuff they learned in their head and it becomes a process. Not only will it be memorable but it can be used as a reference as they get older. Learning through trial and error, all in all it just comes out more beneficial to the students at the end.

  35. While many parents feel that homework is a sign that their child is learning , many parents feel that it is their duty to do their childrens homework. Some parents don’t have the time to help their children with homework so they prefer to just do it themselves. Homework is an assignment that correlates to what the student learned in school that day. Homework is a review of the day’s work. Of course if homework lasts longer than 2 hours, then the desired results may not be achieved.

  36. Homework…even as an adult in college the word gets to me! I personally don’t like homework and I doubt that much do, however I do see the importance of it. As many of the other bloggers and the article stated, too much is not good. Homework should be a review of what was done in class that day. I think that it’s purpose is to give students the opportunity to put the information learned into practice on their own to see how well they understood the material. If the homework given is too difficult for a child he/she must come into school the next day with questions, and the teacher must be prepared to re-teach these concepts. Parents also play an important part in homework because it’s a great way to become involved in their child’s education and this way make it a better experience.

  37. I agree with most of the blogs ahead of me. Too much homework is definitely not a good thing. I believe homework is important to reinforce what the students are learning but it can be done in a less time taking way. When I was younger I was always given dittos for homework. Simple little dittos that review what you’ve learned for the day can only help. They take no more than 20 minutes to do and are there just to review what the teacher feels important to. Some assignments seem to go into full length detail about what the child was taught that day, this is not necessary if the teacher was thorough enough in teaching it. I believe homework should not be banned but there could possibly be a limit to how much is given each night. Also each assignment should be essential and necessary in furthering the learning and reviewing, not just busy work.

  38. Homework should be given to reinforce what was taught on that particular day. It should never just be busy work – such as giving homework on a set schedule even if it’s not necessary or not checking the homework at all. This will send the wrong message to students. I think that homework is indeed important, but only when it is appropriate. It should never frustrate or exhaust or discourage the students.

  39. Homework can be very useful and I believe it can be a positvie experience if it is thought provoking and interesting to the children. When it is busy work it becomes frustrating to the child (who is tired after the day at school) and to the parent who must be the enforcer. Perhaps giving children options of at home projects and alternate methods to accomplish them will alleviate some of the frustration and/or resentment children have towards homework.
    I, as a parent, become frustrated at the endless homework assignments on areas that have been mastered long ago. The homework should serve a purpose to reinforce a new concept or a quick review but I believe it would be more effective if the students were to apply knowledge they learned in some way.

  40. missorangesweetness

    I can agree with all the other comments above, giving too much homework does become frustrating at times when students spend a great amount of their free time trying to complete assignments and projects. Homework assignments that are given to students these days take a child an average 2-3 hours to complete. I feel that is simple ridiculous . I often spend the majority of the night doing homework with my son. I must admit my son does hate doing his homework especially when he knows that he has to complete it or else he will be behind in school. At the same time it is very important for children to be able to practice the work they completed in school, this is the main reason why teachers feel that it is necessary to assign homework to their students. It allows students to keep the information they learned fresh in their minds. Yet why are they receiving so much homework? Parents are busy as it is and to have to come home from a hard days work we have to know spend the remaining of the day teaching your child how to complete their assignments.

  41. In a previous education course, the topic came up of – why do teachers give homework? Is the purpose of homework being forgotten in the midst of routine…is it a form of control that the teachers try to extend with students outside of the classroom…do many teachers even know why they give homework? It goes back to the notion that teachers need to reflect and think about why certain systems are in place – what is the purpose of homework, various assignments? The main purpose of work and studying at home is to reinforce what was learned in class. An opportunity, also, for reflection. If it takes way too long to complete a homework assignment, the purpose of that assignment needs to be looked at. Bottom line…we need to be careful so as to not get students disinterested in school — they should not grow to loathe the work; as teachers, we need to find ways to foster the love of learning instead.

  42. This is a topic that has always been in question. I think everything should be done in moderation. Therefore it is importatnt to give students homework as a review of past lessons. The problems arise when teacher overload students with homework. As teachers we need to take into consideration our students best interest. Children need time to explore, have fun, and do things that like to do. Children learn through a variery of different ways we should not be taking that away from them. If we give them an excess amount of homework we our not allowing students to do things they enjoy doing. I agree with what New Jersey has done. The have limited the amount of homework that is given to students as well not giving homework on weekends. My view on this topic of homework is to limit it to a review of previous lessons.

  43. I think that the town should not have put a limit on homework. Sometimes there are assignments that need to be given that when added to other classes homework may take over 60 minutes. I don’t think that homework needs to be given everyday just to keep the students busy, but rather it should be used when necessary to supplement the content learned in the classroom. There are times when the teacher has not covered everything necessary for the students to sufficiently learn the material and therefore need to assign homework so the students can fully understand it. I think in order to keep students interested in homework that the teacher should veer away from the traditional busy work and instead provide the students with activities that will grasp their attention.

  44. I think that the town should not have put a limit on homework. Sometimes there are assignments that need to be given that when added to other classes homework may take over 60 minutes. I don’t think that homework needs to be given everyday just to keep the students busy, but rather it should be used when necessary to supplement the content learned in the classroom. There are times when the teacher has not covered everything necessary for the students to sufficiently learn the material and therefore need to assign homework so the students can fully understand it. I think in order to keep students interested in homework that the teacher should veer away from the traditional busy work and instead provide the students with activities that will grasp their attention.

  45. I agree with the pros and cons of homework. With that said, I think what that town in New Jersey is doing is a brilliant idea since it’s a fair balance. They believe what I believe: homework is beneficial for students but shouldn’t be busywork. Thus, the town is justified in putting a limit on homework. As for traditional types of homework–they shouldn’t be disposed of yet should be limited. Ultimately, there really should be more original homework assignments.

  46. Homework is a necessary vehicle for enhancing the knowledge and skills of the lessons taught in class. I agree it should not be overwhelming and limits should be imposed based on grade level. However, I think it should be presented in a different manner where students are encouraged to be active learners, not just mere note-takers, listening to lectures, and writing own the homework assignment. I believe homework should be more creative in order to inspire students to learn more, such as a reenactment of historians for social studies or reading a book of their choice once a month and discuss it with the class. In this way, children will become more creative, active thinkers, improve their reading skills, vocabulary etc.

    Children will suffer in the long run without having homework. There are a multitude of skills they learn from their teachers that they will not be able to acquire independently or at home. Homework is also a means to assess the skill level of each student.

    Extracurricular activities is important to have a well rounded life experience, but if too much of it is interfering with the child’s academic performance that too should be limited.

  47. I think homework can be a useful tool to reinforce important aspects presented in the classroom. I agree with New Jerseys decision, but would rather see a limit of homework by the week, not by the day. Somedays would require no homework and some would require more.

    However I believe that homework shouldn’t be graded. When I went through school I was able to do well with not always doing the homework, but saw my grades decrease since teachers would count it towards the final grade. If a student has learned the material during the class and is able to apply it properly than the homework would not add anything.

  48. Homework is a useful tool to use to assess how much the student got out of the lesson, but it sould be given in moderation. Overwhelming the student with too much homework results in them rushing through it, having someone else do it for them, or them not doing it all out of frustration. Therefore, nothing is learned.

    Also, homework sould not be given on the weekend. Again, overwhelming the student with homework is not the way to assess. Children need to have a social life, and the weekend is a good time to.

    • I agree with Saz. Homework is necessary. However, there are many parents who have difficulty understanding the work their children need to accomplish. Homework on the weekends is a horrible idea, but limiting homework to half an hour, or one hour is even worse. If we put such strict policies in action, how do we measure how long it would take an average student to complete. I think the schools should leave it up to their administration to have a fair homework policy.

  49. Homework can be both beneficial and hurtful toward the student. I agree with this article to a certain point. There are some children who see homework as a punishment rather than a review of what is learned or to be learned in class. I as a future teacher feel that homework should be given in moderation and significant to the current course work.

  50. I definately agree that homework, when given, should be meaningful and add or enforce what was learned in the classroom. It can’t just be given because homework needs to be given. It needs to have a purpose. If students don’t see the purpose behind it, then it will make it harder to motivate the students to do it. They won’t care and want to do it, more so than they already do now.
    I think it really depends on the class on whether or not a lot, a little, if any homework is given. Such as in Math, I am a big advocate to have some hw problems every night. You only get to practice and try so many problems during class. The more students are exposed to different ways the concept is presented, they will get a better understanding of it.

  51. I believe that homework is beneficial and must be given. I also agree that an excessive amount of homework should not be given. Children do need their “me” time to be children and grow in other ways. If they go to school for 6 hours and then once they are home must have 2-3 more hours of work to do, when are they going to have time to do things that children love to do such as playing games, reading, playing with friends, growing in other skills and spending time with their families. Homework should be used as evidence that children are receiving a good education. Homework should always relate to what was being done in school for the day or even the week and be used as an assessment.
    Maybe there should be a limit put on homework…imagine the middle school and high school students with 7 subjects a day and the homework they would be receiving in all those classes! We should not stress students out with too much homework but should definitely continue to give out homework.

  52. I absolutely agree that there are definite pros and cons to giving homework. However, I do believe the pros can out weigh the cons as long as the homework is given in moderation and is relevant to what is being taught. There is nothing worse for students and parents alike when homework is given to keep students busy. Homework should be given not only as a review of what was taught, but also as an extension of what is being taught – to increase the depth of understanding. Homework also plays an important role in developing important study skills and organizational skills necessary for future school success. A delicate balance needs to be struck between time spent doing homework and free time to play, socialize and learning other skills not associated with school. Homework should be given out based on the needs of the students and should always be treated as an important part of the the learning experience, not just regarded as a “chore.” Once it becomes a chore in the minds of students, then learning comes second to just getting it done or going through the motions. There is no appreciation for what is supposed to be learned or reinforced.

  53. I, for one, think homework is highly overrated. All too often teachers put overdue stress on students by giving an inordinate amount of work to do at home. Children become less and less interested and are apt to become more wary of a particular subject when the workload is overbearing. Sending a child home with boatloads of material is just asking for trouble. Now, having said that, I don’t feel it should be eliminated altogether either. There needs to be a happy medium. Homework should be for reviewing purposes only and, quite frankly, if a child is “learning” through doing his or her homework, then the teacher has not done the job in the classroom.

  54. meghanwoodstock

    Homework is always an interesting topic when it involved students, parents and teachers opinions. For the most part, I believe homework is not necessary. Students are in school for 6 hours a day. Their minds are being worked all day long Monday-Friday. The last thing that they need to do is go home and do hours of homework. I feel that most teachers give their students busy work as homework.

  55. For me, homework is supposed to reinforce the lesson they just learned that day. Reinforcement is important for retention. But teachers really should only give about 15-minutes worth of homework each, and homework should always be checked and reviewed so that students know their time was not wasted.
    I do believe that homework is important. For high school students, it prepares them for college, where professors will assign hours worth of work to be done outside of class and will not care about how much work you have from other classes. As for not giving homework on the weekend: I agree. The weekend should be a time for the students to pursue their interests.

  56. I agree with the authors of this blog. Homework should not be busy work. It must relate to lessons learned in class and encourage critical and abstract thinking. However, many teachers give homework just for the sake of giving it. When giving homework, instructors should be able to answer these questions: How is this assignment conducive to learning? What is the purpose of this assignment? If these questions cannot be answered, then the instructor should change the assignment or not give homework at all. It it not a crime to give students a break every now and then.
    Another belief that I have is that teachers must go over or check homework. What is the point of making students spend time and work hard on something and not go over or grade it? If students put effort into homework, then teachers should put effort into grading it. In addition, if students know their instructor will not grade, collect, or go over the homework, they most likely will not complete the assignment. In short, homework must promote student growth and be reviewed on a a daily basis to be effective.

  57. jenjohnson1861

    I do think that homework is important to reinforce what students learned during the day. However, I think many schools are just giving too much homework! My son is 5 & already he hates to do homework, because he says he was in school all day & wants to relax. I have friends & cousins who have to do their kids homework, because their is just too much of it. I think teachers have to get together & assign a certain amount each night so that students are doing no more then 45 min.- 1 hour a night. Also does it have to be traditional homework. Why can’t students just read for a 1/2 an hour & write in a journal about what they read about.

  58. I think giving homework can be constructive but there needs to be a way to give homework without it becoming busy work. Students need to be able to get somehting out of what they are doing. They should not have work for the sake of work. The only thing that is important is the amount that students learn rather than the amount of paperwork handed in.

  59. Based on the number of responses here, this is clearly a relevant, yet controversial topic. Based upon my own experiences as a student, as a parent of school-aged children and as a T.A. working in an elementary school, homework is one of those components of education that, when used properly, can enhance learning but when used improperly, can undermine it. Unfortunately, what is “proper” probably varies from student to student, subject to subject and grade level to grade level. In short, it seems most beneficial with math and reading. When students learn a new concept or formula in math, constant practice goes a long way in helping it to sink in. A nightly but small dose of math homework can add valuable reinforcement. In terms of reading, a poor reader will struggle in virtually every subject year after year so encouraging reading on a regular basis, via small assignments would be of value. One of the most important things I’ve learned from going back to school is that tons of homework takes all the fun out of learning.

  60. It is truly shocking to me how many teachers, schools, and parents turn their heads at the bullying problem. Many time, the teachers are the ones doing the bullying. I have encountered this many times. Teachers pick on certain students thinking it is humorous but often they are hurtful. Since they are figures of authority, it sets an example so that students think it is ok to pick on others. Often, in my experiences, many of the bullied students don’t suffer so much academically but more so socially. Many teachers also have a policy of non-interference in the bullying that goes on in their classroom. I am strongly opposed to this. As the main authority figure in the classroom, we must stop the bullying especially with it being linked to such high suicide rates and acts of extreme violence.

  61. I think homework is important to have, but it comes to a point were it becomes an overload for students. It’s one thing to reenforce what the students learned in class. However, when the homework is given just to say that the children are given homework every night, then it becomes ridiculous. I think it’s important for children to have a life outside of their school work.. Their entire lives can’t revolve around school. Sometimes, with the amount of homework these children are given, it ends up being counterproductive. The children either choose not to do it, rush it, or have their parents do it for them. I feel everything is good in moderation. Homework can be helpful as long as its not an overload for the child.

  62. Homework is an essential part of any learning. It is important to reinforce what students have learned during their time spent in school. However, I too believe that some schools set this rigorous course for extreme homework to be assigned. Some teachers themselves assign too many homework. As essential and beneficial asit is, it can also be very ineffective towards students’ learning. I have seen family members and friends childrn get so overwhelmed by the amount of homework assigned. Homework should not be given to just be given to the extreme as we have been seeing. Homework is an extension of what students learn in school to allow each child the ability to take their time to understand and learn at their own pace. Homework is not to deter kids from school and learning which is the direction it is heaidng if teachers continue to overwhelm kids with rigorous homework.

  63. I believe that homework is necessary but to an extent. Overloading children with homework never seems to help a child understand. Most children see an overload of homework as the dreaded task. I have been in this place before! It is common knowledge that most children hate homework in both small or large amounts. Our job as teachers is to teach children and make them understand and apply what they learn. If a teacher gives an overwhelming amount of homework to his/her classroom, chances are you will get a dozen eye rolls. Students will become unsuccessful in completing their assignments correctly, because they are stressed knowing how much there is to finish. Students will therefore be unmotivated to complete their homework assignments given to them in the future. This only will result in a negative outcome, and nothing will be learned.
    There is also a problem with homework when teachers do give this overwhelming amount, collect it, and then never go over it. Children are just given back a red marked sheet of paper with no explanation. It is left up to the child to go up to the teacher and ask why they got these problems wrong. (which most likely the child will never do, because they were unsuccessful in the first place, and therefore unmotivated to see why they got the problems wrong). I believe it is extremely important if given this overload, to devote the proper amount of class time to review the assignment given so that everyone understands what he/she got wrong.
    Homework is important when necessary, it is a great tool for review of what was taught during the day. Overwhelming amounts of homework= no motivation

  64. As a future elementary school teacher, I believe that homework is something that must be given outside of the classroom. I feel that students should work on the skills and knowledge they learn in the classroom just as much outside of the classroom. I think that activities must be used at home to re-iterate the knowledge and skills children learn in school. Homework keeps the mind fresh and active and constant learning has been found to have positive effects on the human mind. On the flip side, I do also agree that children are given too much work to do at home. I feel there must be a balance made where a child is forced to do extra studying but also has time for other activities such as the development of social skills (making friends) and reading for pleasure. As an older sister to a fourteen year old girl, I see how much work is expected of her. Most of the time my mother ends up helping with a majority of the work that needs to be done, not because of the inability to understand the work but the lack of time to complete all the assignments. As a future teacher, I will strive to find a proper balance.

  65. There needs to be a balence in students lives as to homework, schoolwork and life itself. As a point of fact, people only remember 10% of what they hear everyday. To use homework as a second classroom is ineffective, but to reinforce the days lesson homework is quite effective. I like that New Jersey has put limits on how much homework, but I disagree with limiting the weekend work. If students need time to do homework on weekends, it should be allowed. I also feel that growing up I had homework on the weekends sometimes (or it was assigned for Wednesday through the following Tuesday, and we could do it whenever we chose), so long as the homework isn’t overbearing limiting it on the weekends seems unncesssary. I completely agree with balence, but the student should also be able to chose when they wish to complete an assignment.

  66. Let’s be honest here. We all hated doing homework as kids, but in the long run did it not prepare us for the work load we recieved in the older grades? Of course the kids are going to groan and complain and people will say it’s takeing away excercise time, but let’s face it, if those kids didn’t have homework they would more then likely be playing video games or watching T.V.
    I agree that students shouldn’t get hours of homework; In fact, I like that time limit on homework. We must still face the fact that homework will always be present, it’s just a matter of how much to give is appropriate. As much as some people may hate admitting it, the bottom line is that homework is still essential. It stretches the mind, builds the study skills, and prepares them for the work load in the future years to come.

  67. Homework is a tough topic in the education world. Although there are several benefits to giving students homework such as reinforcing the days topic, or possibly tying in the past few days worth of instruction there shouild definitely be a limit. Teachers should not give hours and hours of homework for students at any level because there will be nothing but boredom and redundancy seen by the students doing it.
    brief reinforcements should be more like it, not tons and tons of work.

  68. Homework can be a touchy issue. I believe homework can be a good thing, as long as it is kept in balance. Teachers should be aware of how much homework other teachers are giving. Especially with younger children, who switch classes, children can be under immense pressure from homework. I can understand that some parents must work long hours and cannot help their children with homework. The teacher needs to know her class and be sensitive to these issues. Some children may have too many after school activities and do not have time for homework. A teacher may want to express their concerns over students having too many activities. I think the activities also need to be in balance. Homework should be a positive thing. It should be given in moderation, if appropriate, so the child learns how to reinforce concepts learned during the day. It should not stress out children, and should not be given on weekends. This way the children can come back refreshed and ready to learn on Monday. Teachers need to know their students and what would work best for them. Reflective teaching is the key here. Our goals as teachers are to guide the child to a “love of learning.”

  69. Homework is a very important aspect of school. Today, children are receiving too much hw which could have many negative effects on a child. I feel homework should be age apropriate and keep the child interested in school. If teachers give too much hw children will disconnect from school and suffer from stress. Homework should remain creative and interesting for the children.

  70. I believe that homework is essential for a student in helping them to develop a good work ethic. I think that it’s important for a student to do some reinforcement work at home from a lesson or two that they have learned during the day. A child has a better time remembering a concept if they practice at understanding how to use it. It helps a child to gain this knowledge through repetition.

    The aspect that I don’t agree with however, is when a teacher decides to give “busy work” instead of “homework.” A lot of teachers tend to just assign homework left and right, not even thinking about the amount they are giving a child. I believe that this can certainly hinder a child’s well being by not having the time to engage in extra curricular activities. But not only does this affect these activities, it can also contribute to a child’s lack of sleep which in turn, results in low energy for the school day.

    Therefore, I feel that homework is essential for positive reinforcement of lessons but when it becomes too excessive, it loses it’s meaning and purpose.

  71. I think it is ridiculous to cut out homework over the weekend. I think there needs to be some control over how much is assigned and that children do need time to socialize and experience being a kid. However, the reinformcement of subjects learned in school is imperative and should not be cut down to 30 minutes to an hour. Some kids take longer than others to comprehend and should not be held to a time limit that can be used as an excuse to avoid the effort that should be given.

  72. The debate about the amount of homework to give has been a long one that has affected all of us at some point or another. Although, I think it is important that the students still receive it, I agree that limiting the amount of homework that is given is a good approach. I think this is effective in only giving the students what they really need to go over verses just giving work to give it. I think its a important part of the learning process to be able to go home and practice the work that was given that day and independently figure it out. This also helps the student get a better grasp on what they do and do not understand, and leaves room for extra help.

  73. Great article! The article was well written and addresses the different sides of the Homework argument. It is important to realize the benefits and drawbacks of assigning homework and to what degree. I am an advocate of homework as long as it is appropriate and pertinent, not mere busy work or to be used as a form of assessment. As a pre-service teacher, I recognized the many benefits that students can reap from homework assignments. In addition to the substantial benefits of driving home ideas, concepts, and methods learned in the classroom, homework helps prepare students for the next phase of their education and eventually for adulthood.
    The “hidden curriculum” or benefits are substantial. Homework forces children to begin to develop crucial time management skills and self-discipline at an early age, both important in adult life. Children are encouraged to learn that it is not all fun and games after school by having the responsibility of completing homework assignments. They begin to learn that they will have to balance their social lives (playing outside with friends only after homework is done or being allowed to watch TV only after the assignment is completed) with responsibilities (homework). As adults, we must balance work, children, our homes, fitness and a social life. Time management skills are further developed when a child is involved in extra-curricular activities such as sports, clubs, or community service and must find time to complete homework and attend practice, games, or meetings.
    Homework can also expose a person to a topic or activity that he or she may not have been likely to discover. By assigning projects that encourage students to research a particular artist or designer or even a chef, the educator may be opening a door to an interest that may never have been discovered. How can you deny a child such an opportunity???

  74. Too much of anything is not a good thing. I think homework is very important and essential for mastering the topics covered in class. However, there must be a balance. Bombarding a child with busy work is not providing much substance, having a well thought out assignment in moderation will assist in the child’s learning process.

  75. I thought that it was a great article. I think that homework is an important aspect of the classrooom process to reinforce learned concepts. Additionally, as a parent, I don’t see excessive homework being given. It is actually the opposite. Homework should be a nightly ritual, however, without a specific time limit. Each child learns at a different pace and will do homework at a different pace as well. The homework however should be constructive and not just busywork.

  76. I like how this article presents the pros and cons of homework so that we, as readers, can see both sides. Prior to reading this article, I’ve been a firm believer and advocate for homework. I’ve always felt that it is a great way for students to reinforce and practice what they’ve learned in school that day. Homework not only enables them to better retain what they have learned, but it also provides them with the opportunity to independently apply new skills to new situations and problems, which I feel ifs very importan to the learning process. I’ve always sided with the idea that homework also provides parents with the opportunity to see what their children are learning and how they’re doing in school. I still believe in the importance and benefits of giving homework, but after reading this article, I have become enlightened to some downsides of too much of it. I agree that overwhelming students with too much homework can indeed be counterproductive and cause children to lose interest. I also feel that too much homework does take away from other social and extracurricular activities that are important for students to participate in. I do not think that homework is just busy work, as long as the homework has a clear purpose and value. As this article states, it should pertain to what the kids are learning and it should get them to think more critically. I’m sure many students love the idea of limiting homework during the week and doing away with it over the weekend, but I think, as teachers and educators, it is our responsibility to explain to our students why we give homework and why particular assignments are important. If students have a reason or understanding of why they are doing something, then it may increase not only their motivation, but their efficiency in doing homework assignments.

  77. This topic is very interesting and important to educators, parents and students. As an educator and parent, this topic of homework is one that causes concern and sometimes confusion. I tend to be on the side of those that say that too much homework is counterproductive and only frustrates students and does not encourage them to be interested in the subject matter but turns them off to it instead. I think the town in NJ was not incorrect in mandating the amount of h.w. to be given to students. This sets a standard for teacher to follow and makes the whole school unified in their methodology. I agree with those who feel that the other aspects of a child’s life are just as important as academics such as sports, recreation and down time.

  78. I really enjoyed this article and the comments that were posted about it too. First, I would like to address the question the author asks at the end of article. I don’t think that the town is justified in putting a limit on homework. It should be pretty clear to anyone enrolled in an AP class or Honors class that not only are they going to have to put more time in to the class but the requirements for the class are going to be more intense than that of a Regents or non-Regents class. I was told by a colleague of mine recently who teaches an AP class that the AP Board actually insists that students in AP classes “study” no less than 90 minutes per night per AP class. Having said that, I am not sure how this town can make these rules if they offer AP classes to their students. Secondly, I would like to address the homework issue. We are all taught in grad school that if as a teacher you are going to assign homework then you must either collect it or grade it and show the students that there was meaning behind them actually doing it. I would hope that any teacher assigning work does value it and parents and students alike can appreciate that as well.

  79. Is homework truly beneficial for students? On a personal level, I feel as though homework is very important as it helps to build positive learning habits, especially given that children start this practice from an early age. Quite honestly, most students dont enjoy doing homework, however you come to the realization that it’s part of the overall school curriculum. In addition, by introducing students to this at an early age, it helps them become more acclimated as well as promotes an inner desire to succeed. Think about it – who doesnt enjoy that personal sense of accomplishment? I always found as I grew up the most productive way to approach the homework assignments is to be proactive and never wait until the last minute as cramming is usually not a useful or wise way to complete the assignments. It also shows that students who work hard and complete their assignments are taking their education seriously with an interest to learn. Teachers and parents for that matter tend to use homework as a “measuring stick” when ensuring the children are in fact completing the assignments given to them to the best of their ability. This in essence is very good practice for when these students are out in the “real world.”

  80. I think homework is important, and is a must for any teacher to give to students. However, I don’t think that it should be such a huge amount that children are up late, and become anxiety-ridden about it. Homework instills a sense of responsibility and accountability at a young age, and this is important also. I don’t think it’s the job of a town to regulate what a teacher can assign-teachers have enough people to answer to already! As a teacher, I plan on assigning a fair amount of homework-enough so that I can know that they understand the lesson, but not so much that they come to school exhausted!

  81. I have mixed opinions about homework, as an educator and as a “homework helper” to my nephew. I definitely agree with the research provided that proves homework to be beneficial – in my opinion, literacy takes constant practice to get right. The more students read, the more second-nature elements such as decoding and comprehension become.

    However, I also believe that the value of homework is in the quality of assignment, rather than the quantity of assignments. I know that I used to be assigned ridiculous amounts of work that I didn’t really need. My nephew is sometimes assigned work that he is not ready for, and needs significant help with. When homework for a 4th grader takes four hours to do, it’s really too much. Kids need time to play, and a chance to wind down from the often grueling 6-hour school day.

    What if we gave homework based on merit? For example, I aced every test in Global Studies, but I still had to spend an hour a night copying definitions I already knew. If the teacher knows that a student is “beyond” the homework, maybe it could be optional?

    And as for quantity issues for students that do need the practice, teachers should organize assignments that are heavy on the quality but lighter on the quantity – like, instead of spelling words 5x each, try 3x each. Or, do the spelling assignment in class, and cut down on reading aloud time (in elementary schools, they often read one story in class every day for 5 days, and then assign homework around the story).

  82. Homework is a very important part of a child’s education. It allows the students to put into practice the information that they learned in class. I believe that teachers should give homework in moderation and not to the extent where they overwhelm the students. The homework should also be something that the students can benefit from.

  83. Growing up the simple word of homework would create a ringing in my ears. In High School I completed much of my homework on the bus and in every other place besides my home. Even now as a prospective teacher, I do not see the point of loading children up with homework nightly. Homework in small doses is necessary to reinforce what is taught in class, however there is no a way to guarentee the work will be conducted by the student in the best circumstances in the home environment. A way to fix this would be to require parents signature on every homework assignment before it is submitted. This requires both student and parent to be involved in the assignment.

  84. I feel that homework is a very important part of re-enforcing the information that has been learned during the school day. Homework should be kept to only what is necessary because some teachers go over board with giving too much homework causing the children to rush through and not want caring and get nithing out of it.

  85. I feel that homework is a must. teachers need to be able to give students homework with out getting harrassed by parents. with out homework the curriculum can slow down to the point that it can not be finished by the end of the year.

  86. I feel that homework is necessary for students but to an extent. The homework should reinforce what the children have learned in order to determine whether or not they are getting the message. Parents need to be on board and work with the teachers to ensure the assignments are being completed. If everyone is on the same page the children will get the help they need.

  87. I believe that homework is a controversal topic for many parents and teachers. Homework could be a very useful tool when it assigned correctly, but too much hw is not worthwhile to students. When teachers assign too much homework it adds extra stress to the family as well to the student. Students are faced with enough pressure in school with highstake standards and standardized testing. When teachers assign more than 30 minutes of homework a night the parents end up completing the homework due to frustration and the student’s inability to concentrate on school work for long periods of time. I feel the homework that is assigned should help students better understand what was taught in school. If students are struggling with homework than it is an implication that they do not understand the topics that are being taught in class and the teacher should reevaluate the lesson.

  88. Homework is an important aspect to ensuring proper instruction. Assigning homework to students shows the teacher if the students actually learned the material. However, it depends on the amount of homework you assign. As a teacher it should be about the quality of the assignment not the quantity.Too much homework can have a negative impact on students as well. Many teachers are forgetting that their students should be enjoying their childhood. I believe that students should still have a life outside of school rather than always doing homework.
    School stresses students out way too much and people are wondering why the drop out rate is increasing?

  89. I believe it is very important for students to have homework. An excessive amount of homework is unnecessary, but there has to be some. A great idea I saw from one of the teachers I observed in a classroom was that she made the students hand in a homework worksheet as a pop quiz. Doing this just once will make the kids fearful that they need to have their homework done, but if it becomes a regular habit it will make sure that the students do their homework every night and they will work harder on getting the right answers so that they get a good grade.

  90. “In order for a homework assignment to be successful, it must relate to what the students have already learned, promote critical and abstract thinking skills,” — I think that this part of the sentence is the key to answering the questions asked by the author of this article. I believe this because it says it all! It is our responsibility as educators and as an accomplished group in society to present homework assignments that have substance so that we produce more talented and educated members of society. Too much homework is counter-productive and too little, or no homework, does not do what homework is meant to do, which is reinforce through repetition and/or memorization, what is taught in class. When in comes to homework, quality over quantity works. The homework has to be meaningful so that the child does not begin feeling overwhelmed or discouraged by having to too much work to do and no time to do it in. Even as adults, it’s hard trying to balance our day to day lives and although it is important for a child to learn how to balance his/her life, we as educators should not add to this pressure by giving meaningless assignments but try to help the child lead and maintain a more stable life.

  91. This was a great article! I often hear this debate with parents about the teachers giving too much homework. I believe that homework is important, it does reinforce what has been done in school. I do not believe that children should be given hours of homework. I agree they get bored, lack interest, and lose out on the social aspects of life that children need.

  92. First off great article! I agree that homework is an important part of school , as well as our educational system. As educators it is essential for us to give our students homework. they need to make sure that they understood the assignments given in class, and homework is a perfect reinforcing tool. with this said i also believ and have personally experienced teachers who give homework just for the sake of homework. we cannot afford to give assignments that are just time wasters. Homeworks should we well thought out and should review material studied in class. giving useless assignments not only wastes students time but the teachers as well. we, as educators must give homework assignments, but not assignments that take hours to complete. Homework is essential to education, and as such, we as teachers should assign a fair amount of homework.( no more than 20-30 minutes a night)

  93. I really enjoyed reading this article. It was interesting to see the different perspectives and thoughts on the idea of homework and how controversial this topic can be.

    As a future educator, I believe that homework is very important and as a teacher will most likely be assigning my students homework every night. Especially at the secondary level, the teacher only has very limited time with his/her students. It is important for reinforcement to be made not only in school but outside of the classroom as well. Especially as a language teacher, even if the homework consists of watching a “telenovela” following up with a brief summary, the language is still being reinforced and not just in a daily alotted time slot.

    I also believe that assigning homework and not acknowledging the students work could be harmful. If teachers assign homework, it is important for us as teachers to make sure that it is done so that the student’s continue to complete assignments and not just consider it a waste of time. Teachers must take action and follow threw when assignments are not completed. As a teacher, I believe homework is assigned to benefit and increase the students learning and not just busy work. Repetition of material leads to memorization. It is important for students to learn and memorize so that they can apply this information to different situations.

    I believe that student’s do need homework to help them increase their knowledge.

  94. When I first read this article I was going to respond by stating that children already have enough on their plate, with extra curricular activities, sports, etc., and that they should be given very little or no homework at all. I especially felt supported in my way of thinking after reading the paragraph in the article that stated that there was a town in New Jersey that placed time limits on homework assignments. I also read somewhere that there are some countries in Europe who are doing away with homework altogether, because there was no real benefit to it.

    Well, after reading some responses and actually contemplating on this issue, I do agree on some issues with the authors of this article. Homework can be beneficial for students in that in reinforces what they learned during the day, and it teaches them the discipline and responsibility of doing their work independently without the supervision of a teacher to correct them or guide them. It is also a good source of assessment, for the teacher to see which parts of the lesson the students absorbed, and which parts she needs to go over again. It’s also a good indicator as to which students retained this knowledge and which ones she has to take a different approach with. Today, in a student centered classroom, differentiated instruction is a necessity. A conscientious teacher uses different methods of assessment for different students, and homework can be one of them. So, I do agree that there are benefits to homework.

    However, another thought that crossed my mind, was that the problem with homework is that students may not be the only ones who could see it as a burden. Today we have so many homes where both parents are required to work, and even worse, most children are raised in single parent homes, that parent(s) don’t need the extra responsibility at night of making sure their child does their homework. So, if the homeowork is excessive or difficult it can be stressfull, not only to the child, but also to the parent.

    Further, I previously read in one of the responses from a teacher (alyssa20) that there are students in her class who never do their homework, and others who do it every night, even though they don’t get good grades. And for her, homework is a good indicator of who cares about school and who doesn’t. Well, as soon as I read her response, the first thing that came to my mind is that maybe the students who never do their homework don’t have a home environment that is conducive to learning, or to being able to sit down and do homework in a normal home setting. Maybe they have a chaotic home environment. Maybe they dont even have a “home” environment – depending on the school district. You don’t know why this child doesn’t show an interest in learning. Maybe he has a learning disability. Why doesn’t she try to find out what piques his interest, instead of just outright making the assumption that he just doesn’t care? I would find it a good challenge just figuring out a way of capturing his attention. In my opinion, in these complex and changing times a teacher has to look at the whole picture (child). Perhaps she could find other ways of making up for the missed homework. Furthermore, I think that maybe those students who did their homework every night but didn’t get good grades – those were probably the students whose parents forced them to sit down and do it every night.

    This is such a controversial subject that I don’t think I can come up with a solution alone. But I do know that as a future educator, personally, I would just give my students enough homework just to reinforce what we covered that day. I would not want them to see homework as a burden, or to add stress to their life in any way. I want my students to see learning and school as a place where they feel comfortable, accepted ( no matter what their grades are) and respected. I want to try to make learning fun through engaging projects and activities. I do think light homework would teach them to be responsible about beginning and finishing their work (becoming result oriented), and it would make them disciplined by requiring them to sit down and complete the task at hand. It would also be good for their self esteem to know that they accomplished something independently outside of school. So, all these skills are important tools they could use to benefit them in the classroom and in the real world after they graduate. After all, isn’t that what teaching is all about?

  95. Homework to give or not? I believe that giving homework is very beneficial only when it reinforces something that was learned that day in school. A lot of teachers today give busy work for homework. Either extensive amounts of reading or packets full of questions. Also homework can take time away from being a child and enjoying time with their friends. I agree with the article that homework can affect the developing of social skills. When too much homework is given children began to become frustrated and hate school. A small amount should be given daily to reinforce what was learned that day. and of course No homework over the weekends!

  96. As a teacher to be, who is currently pursuing my New York State Teaching Certification, I am currently in the “less is more” camp of homework ideology. I believe that learning at its best should be a very organic, stress free process. Giving students hours of homework to do increases their stress, especially for younger children. I believe that class time should be better organized to get rid of the all the busy work I see when I go into schools and observe. Less busy work lets the teachers and students get into the task of actual learning. I was homeschooled from 4th-12th grade. I would do my school work from 7-12 every morning and rarely had any sort of school work to do at night. I never had the stress of homework, and I do not believe it hindered me in any way. We should let our children be kids. They should have free time to develop friendships, participate in activities that interest them, and most importantly use that thing that kids used to play with called the IMAGINATION:)

  97. I think this was a great article as well as a great topic to write about. Honestly what student enjoys doing homeowork when they get home after sitting in school for at least 6 hours learning as it is. Homework is a great topic for an argument. I do agree that homework is a very important way to help students recap and review what was taught during the school day, but I believe that giving too much homework can also affect a students desire to learn and cause stress.

    With teachers providing extensive amounts of homework to students, I believe that the students will not want to do it and will become lazy with the work, possibly leading to loss of interest in school and causing them to not do well. Some times students may understand the lesson in school but when they get home, they may feel lost or confused on how to do their homework. If this happens students may begin to get worked up and stress and not want to do thier homework because they dont like how it feels not being able to do something that they might have thought was so easy that day in class.

    I think the school in New Jersey was smart to limit the amount of homework to students for 30 minutes per night and none on the weekends. Students shouldnt have to feel overwhelmed by work and they should have a break from work over the weekend. It can help them relax.

    Although school work is important, it really isnt the only thing that helps students. Participating sports activities and clubs also helps students develope social relationships and if you think about it, some sports practices can be good ways to reinforce easy topics from schools. It is up to the parents to help thier child also succeed in school. Helping them with their homework, and making studying and thier work fun will help children succeed, and want to do their home.

  98. I believe homework can benefit the students that are struggling. Homework can help students be successful in what they learned in class. Homework can help the students with thinking skills, solving math problems, reading, and writing. Homework is a positive reinforcement. I do agree with putting a limit on how much homework teachers give per night and no homework on the weekends.

  99. Homework is essential because it gives students the opportunity to reflect on and practice the material they learned in school at their own pace outside of the classroom. Completing homework assignments also helps build time-management skills and responsibility in students. Academics should be the primary focus of every student; therefore, “personal activities”, though important, are secondary. No homework on the weekends is absurd; are holidays and summer vacations not enough? Instead, a creative and engaging curriculum should be developed where meaningful homework is assigned, so that students are encouraged to appreciate and enjoy their school experiences.

  100. Most kids cringe when they hear the word “homework”. Kids are concerned with playing games, playing with their friends, and having fun. Children at a young age don’t necessarily understand how important homework is. Homework is necessary for kids to retain information, and it helps them to practice what they have learned on their own. The board limiting homework and putting a ban on weekend homework is ridiculous. Most of the time, students don’t really get all that much homework on the weekends anyway. Limiting homework should be up to the teachers, becasue they are the ones who see the students everyday, and know what they are capable of. It’s the teachers who know what is struggling for some students and not others. Teachers should know how much is too much. Shouldn’t the teacher decide how much homework is given, considering he/she is the one given it?

  101. I believe limiting homework isn’t such a bad idea, however, limitations can be a big pressuring for a teacher. I’d like to know what type of homework these kids are receiving? Is it homework that is reinforcing the material they just learned in a creative, interactive way? We all know we learn best through hands on/interactive experiences….so in the end, if it’s quality homework that is being given, the time limit should never be a question/problem. If students were having fun while doing homework, then they wouldn’t dread it so much. I think it depends on the homework the teacher is mandating.

    Homework is definitely beneficial. It helps reinforce what the students learn, which makes it more likely for them to retain the information. However, if you are giving students homework that is just copying definitions or finding answers to questions in the text, yes this is reinforcing but it is not benefiting them to it’s full potential. Teachers need to be more creative with homework. Although, we can completely destroy traditional homework assignments, I say more teachers should create interactive, engaging homework for kids to enjoy and learn from.

  102. Homework has always been a controversial subjects amongst teachers, students, and parents. Teachers often believe more is better so the students can really maintain the information they learned in school, while students don’t want to do anything when school is over. Parents don’t want to have to “enforce” homework. I think the biggest problem though is when teachers give homework because they haven’t finished teaching all the material for that day and assign it for homework assuming that parents will help their children. I remember when I was in middle school and high school having a mountain of homework, taking hours to complete and often times much harder than I remembered from class. I think homework is a good way for students to practice what has already been learned but that’s it. It’s a problem when the student can’t learn as fast as the pace of the school curriculum.

  103. The entire concept and question regarding homework is extremely interesting and, as is the case with just about every educational issue, extremely, extremely complex. There are many reasons to consider why homework should be a part of any class/curriculum as well as many reasons to consider why homework should not be a part of the class/curriculum requirement, many of which have been touched upon within the posted article. Following is a discussion of my perspective:

    From the standpoint of why homework should be a part of a class and curriculum can start with the concept/fact that it is essential for students to grow accustomed to doing homework. The reason being is that as students advance into higher education, specifically college, homework or out-of-class assignments will be a part of the requirements needed to pass classes and earn a college degree. As such, and as a believer that repetition and habit forming exercises are critical to developing necessary skills, students do need to start developing the habit of doing work outside of the school setting as a means of preparing for higher education requirements, not to mention potential job/career requirements as well.

    As it relates to why homework should not be a part of the regular curriculum, the points discussed in the article are very accurate. Homework assignments will minimize or eliminate the ability for students to become active in other aspects of education outside of the school environment such as community involvement and extra-curricular activities which I believe are very important to the overall development of a child as a “whole person”.

    So where does the answer lie? From my perspective, the first problem with homework is that it is assigned arbitrarily. What I mean is that each teacher, without consideration for the homework being assigned by other teachers, is assigning homework. Thus, there is no conscious recognition as to whether the student is being overloaded with homework or being given a manageable amount, which leads to my next point. Homework should be assigned, but not on a nightly basis as is currently the case in most situations. Much like college classes provide a syllabus with a listing of projects to be completed with associated timelines, I believe the same procedures should be utilized throughout the educational process from elementary school through high school. This will allow for habits which will be necessary in the future to be developed, and even be developed within a means which is more appropriate given how assignments in the future will manifest themselves. And finally, there needs to be balance meaning all teachers should collectively understand the out-of-school assignments they will dictate to their students as well as assignments other teachers will dictate in order to insure the student(s) are not being overwhelmed with school work.

  104. I definitely think that there is an ongoing battle as to whether teachers should give homework or not. I feel that homework has to be meaningful and needs to further enhance learning that was done in class. Often times teachers give homework assignments that are what I call “busy work” and are quickly checked and thrown aside the following day. Also, many parents are stuck doing their child’s homework for them and to me the child isn’t really gaining anything from the assignment. I do think teachers should assign homework but it has to be a an appropriate amount and it has to be something that will be useful to their learning.

  105. Homework had become controversial. As a future teacher, I realize it is necessary to complete any unfinished work during the day’s class. It is also an important tool to review the material covered in that day’s lessons. As a parent, I see how much the children dislike it and feel it is repetitive and boring. I think having a student spend 30 minutes an evening on homework is beneficial and does promote responsibility. As many of the previous comments noted, the key is keeping the homework creative and relevant. With homework I plan to go with quality over quantity. The article discussed a school board limiting homework. I disagree with the school board getting that involved. Homework should be decided by the teacher not a school board.

  106. I feel that this is such an important topic. As a future teacher, I agree and disagree with giving homework. I agree with jeganfar as they said that homework can be used to complete any unfinished work from the school day. I think it is important for students to review what they have learned during the day, it will only help them to learn the subject more. However, I do feel that there should be a limit to how much homework is given. I think the school in New Jersey did a great thing in making a law saying that students can only have 30 minutes of homework a night. Children already do not like homework and when they hear that they have homework it is the last thing that they want to do. In one my other classes we talked about another big issue when it comes to homework. Are students actually the ones doing their homework? Or are they coming home, after they have been at school all day which is followed by soccer practice and dance lessons, too tired to even think about homework. Having too much homework is only going to hurt the student more, so having a limit is something that I definitely agree with.

  107. I think that homework is necessary to some extent to assess the students. It should not be above the child’s level, and should take into consideration differentiated instruction.

  108. Pingback: Homework!!!! To Give, Or Not To Give: That Is the Question. By: Allison Partlow, Dyana Christie and Arnold Kamhi (via NY Teachers) | Using Texting as a Tool to Promote Literact

  109. I see that this was posted in 2008, it’s still such a hot topic. Being the parent of three teenagers I have had my fair share of HW fights. I belive that if the HW assigned is relecant to current coursework and it is used to reinforce then HW can be beneficial. This is a simplistic view because if all 7-or so subjects give HW then the student can still become overwhelmed. I also feel that the child should not be penalized for HW that is incorrect. If they have made an effort and has questions they should be able to approach the teacher to discuss. If they are penalized than all they are going to do s cheat just to get the work done and thus they learn nothing.

    I also have a big problem with busy work as HW. HW should be used as a tool and teachers should be careful not to overload or stress out the students.

  110. Pingback: Tweets that mention Homework!!!! To Give, Or Not To Give: That Is the Question. By: Allison Partlow, Dyana Christie and Arnold Kamhi | NY Teachers -- Topsy.com

  111. There are definitely an up side to doing home work as well as a downside. For me I would have to agree that there should be some kind of home work given to students every night, but educators have to understand that there needs to be a limit. Reading about the schools in NJ that agreed that high school students should have an hour of home work a night intrigues me but i do have to ask the question on how do they determine this time limit? You do have to take into consideration that an hour for one student might be 3 hours to another. Everyone learns in a different way. Its us as educators that need to create a plan of study to which the home work assignment we give to our students will be sensitive to all their different learning styles and abilities.

  112. As a future teacher I also question the idea of giving homework to my students. In some cases, I do believe that homework in nessecary. However, I also agree that homework does contain a downside. Homework should be used as means of assessment for the teacher giving the homework,and students should not feel as though it is tourturous to complete. I very mch agree with that fact that too much homework omits time for other activities that are important for adolescents to take part in. Students should be involved and interested in their education, but they should also have time to involve themselves in other free choice activites as well as stated in the article. When assigning homework, teachers should be considerate of their students, and also assgin homework accordingly. Homework can be assigned as group projects, or indiviudal projects to make matters more creative and interesting. After school assignments do not have to be and shouldn’t always be dittos, book work, or term papers. These types of assignments bore students and easily frustrate them. Also if teachers are looking to assess their students exit slips, surverys, or entrance slips can be used in place of homework to break up the everday cycle for students.

  113. Homework definitely has many pros and cons. On the one hand it absolutely enforces the material which is being learned in the classroom. It is hard for a teacher to ask every type of question and go over every answer in the classroom. By giving homework it allows for children to have a broader sense of the questions that they have to learn and if they grasp the material. In addition to this point, the material which the children do not understand at home can be brought to the teachers attention and be gone over in the classroom.

    The negatives is that in many instances the children are overwhelmed with too many assignments. Children must have enough time to complete the assignment while having time to spend with family during dinner and possibly doing an extra curricular activity or playing a sport after school. If it become impossible for this child to complete assignments then they are receiving too many.

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